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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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Poland are surely defenders against aggression, no matter what we think
about their governments . . . The question is to bring one's mind back to
the time when Stalin and Hitler had a pact, which was termed a pact of
non-aggression, but which actually became a partnership in crime and
resulted in the raiding and raping of the nations on the borderline. Where
does this country stand in relation to Estonia, Latvia., Finland, Poland,
Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Rumania ?
. . . The partnership was dissolved in 1941 because one of the partners got
all he could out of the partnership and feared that the position was going
to be reversed at a very early date. He proceeded to transfer his allegiance
to see what he could get out of the other partnership which he made in 1941.
Russia., from the point of view of the war, became an Ally of those who were
heart and soul in this bloody struggle. To the people of London and
various other cities, it ended the bombing nightmare, and, therefore.,
superficially, the people of this country welcomed Russia., not for what
Russia stood, but because of the fact that she took the weight of! this country
in many respects. Let us accept that. That meant to say that this country
was prepared to enter into a partnership that was going to play the self-same
game in a cunning form. I see in the papers to-day that they have set up
a National Council, as a Government of Poland. Anybody who knows of
the happenings on the borders of Russia and in other countries or of the
Communist Party in relation to other parties, knows the old game ... I
have heard people say that nothing could be fairer. Russia would offer
independence. Yes, it would be an independent Poland., but it would be
a linking up of Poland by means of a Government subservient to the Soviet
State and would be extending the power of Soviet Russia. The same is
happening, we are told, also in Finland. One of the proposed terms is a
certain line of demarcation, with a Government friendly towards the Soviet
Union. We know what that means. Another nominated State will be
set up in Finland. Before you know where you are, the whole of the States,
as the Armies roll forward, will be incorporated into the Soviet Union . . .
. , . We went to war ostensibly for the Polish Corridor. Now we see
not only the corridor but the drawing room, the dining-room, the bedrooms,
the whole of the castle is going, but going from another direction, and we
have not got a Prime Minister who can get up at that Box and state honestly
that his illness at Teheran was not only a physical illness but the political
illness of a man who knows that he is being driven remorselessly along a
road on which he cannot stop . . .
Mr. Pickthorn Cambridge University {Conservative) : ... This is a
war3 and wars are activities between States, and M. Stalin has told us that
war remains war and aggression remains aggression. What was the cause,
of this war ? The cause of this war was the infringement of Polish frontiers.
It is a very common argument that it was a mere occasion, not the real cause,
but that seems to me to be perfect nonsense. It is quite true, I have no
doubt at all, there was going to be near the middle of the 20th century, or
before it, another great European war, but not necessarily this war, beginning
in 1939 ; this war is really the war which arose in a definite way and time
and it is the essence of this war that that was the way in which it arose.
The " New Zealand Herald " put it on the llth January : " The war began
through a certain British pledge to Poland. Habitually, such pledges have
been kept." I ask the House to consider the word c< habitually " ; it seems
to me to be extremely well chosen.
. , . The Prime Minister said that he hoped he would be pressed no
further. One cannot press much further because one might do harm, but
my right hon. Friend said one or two things which I think were illogical.